The stages of test management

The goal of the test management process is to deliver products or systems of high quality that meets the customers demands. Efficient test management is divided into five stages and includes planning, defining, executing, tracking and reporting. We shall explain the stages step by step for you here:

  1. Planning
    The planning stage involves developing the test phase’s overall direction and purpose and includes requirement, time and place for the test. The question on where to test is decided through documenting important soft- and hardware configurations. When these details are set, the time frame for the test is decided by tracking cycles and time periods. The planning stage is different for every project since the time aspect can vary heavily.
  2. Defining
    This stage captures the steps that are necessary for completing a given test in order to answer the question about how a test will be conducted. It’s about defining generic test cases that will be broken into detailed steps.
  3. Executing
    During this phase, tests are run in logical sets. Tests are run against a known configuration of the hardware that is being tested or against a test environment. It’s important to record the configuration in purpose of recreating tests at a later stage.
  4. Tracking
    Depending on the test management tools that are used by the test team, the results are logged. The results are summarized and later showed via a dashboard or metrics tool. Tracking is an extremely important phase in the test process since metrics of quality is required in order to efficiently track the development.
  5. Reporting
    All test efforts and results are reported to all the stakeholders during this phase. The purpose of this is to determine the current state of the project and to give details about the overall quality of the tested product or system.